Application Packaging Standard

Last updated 14-Nov-2018

Management Node

Development Mode

When you test your application on a non-production platform, we recommend that you enable the Development mode, which provides the following benefits:

  • It disables JavaScript caching (for runtime and packages) on the server side to allow editing JavaScript files on the fly when debugging UI code.
  • It removes the restriction that blocks updating an APS package with an updated APS package that has the same application ID and package version; otherwise, you have to increase the package release each time you are updating the application.
  • It adds more details to the system logs on the Service Automation management node, specifically the APS Controller Log and Platform UI Log.
  • APS JS framework detects weaknesses and errors in JavaScript codes and displays respective warnings on the control panel screen as explained in the Development Error Warnings section.

Warning

You should not enable the APS development mode in production since it substantially impacts the network performance, CPU load, and disk usage.

To enable or disable APS development mode:

  1. In the provider control panel, go to System > Settings and then follow the System Properties link.
  2. At the bottom of the screen, click Edit.
  3. Select the APS development mode checkbox to enable, or clear it to disable the APS development mode.
  4. At the bottom of the screen, click Submit to save the updated configuration.

Task Manager

Task manager in the provider control panel (PCP) shows all tasks created in the system including tasks for APS actions. You will find it in the PCP by going to Operations > Tasks.

There are two groups of tasks:

  • The Background tab shows tasks scheduled asynchronously. The Scheduled Tasks sub-tab shows currently scheduled or failed tasks. On the Task Log sub-tab, you will see the other completed tasks.

    ../../../../../_images/task-manager-background.png

    When provisioning or unprovisioning a subscription that contains APS resources, the system creates three tasks:

    • Initiating operation - changes the status of the involved resource from aps:ready to another status.
    • Provisioning or Unprovisioning - the APS controller interacts with the application endpoint to process the required requests, such as to add or remove a resource.
    • Finalizing operation - commits all necessary changes in the APS database: resource, links, properties, and resource usage on subscription are updated. If successful, it returns the resource status to aps:ready.
    ../../../../../_images/task-manager-unprovision.png

    Tasks in the same queue, like in the above example, run sequentially starting with the lowest ID.

    Note

    APS task names start with the aps_application_instance prefix.

    Asynchronous operations of application services are implemented using special tasks as explained in Asynchronous Configuration and Asynchronous Provisioning.

  • The Periodic tab shows periodical tasks, and some of them support APS operations.

    ../../../../../_images/task-manager-periodic.png

    For example, running the Synchronize resource usage for instances of APS applications task updates the resource usage counters.

Logs

The management node contains the following logs for recording backend operations.

  1. APSC REST Log (/var/log/apsc.http.log) - The APS controller REST log records all REST requests to and from the APS controller (APSC), including HTTP headers. If you increase the log level to trace, as explained below, the log will also record the body of each REST request.
  2. Platform UI Log (/var/log/pa/pui/pui.log) - The platform UI log records the control panel navigation activity. The log is particular useful when the control panel is missing UI views, or the navigation from view to view does not function correctly.
  3. Management Node Log (/var/log/pa/core.log) - The management node log tracks system operations. While it is less common to use it for debugging APS applications, the APS support team may request this log to help with troubleshooting your support request.

The log level specified in /usr/local/pem/etc/pleskd.props defines the level of details recorded in the above-mentioned logs, for example:

loglevel=trace

After changing the log level, restart the pa-agent service:

# service pa-agent restart

The management node components, including the APS controller and UI service, support several log levels in increasing levels of detail:

  • error - only error messages
  • info - error and information messages
  • debug - default; all details except for tracing of method calls
  • trace - all details, including tracing of method calls

For example, use the following commands to set the trace log level:

# grep -q 'loglevel=trace' /usr/local/pem/etc/pleskd.props || echo 'loglevel=trace' >> /usr/local/pem/etc/pleskd.props
# service pa-agent restart

Note

  1. Due to the verbosity of information recorded, you should use the trace level only temporary.

2. Use the info or error level when the management node experiences some issues with performance or disk space; otherwise, you should use the default debug level.

APS Controller Log

Overview

APS controller (APSC) is the APS bus broker, which means that all APS REST messages go through it. Therefore, the best place to find all APS REST messages is the APS controller REST Log (/var/log/pa/apsc.http.log), where the APS controller records all incoming and outgoing REST messages. As described above, the log level defines the level of the recorded details.

An incoming request, marked as IN, usually invokes several other REST requests depending on the resource model and the type of the operation as explained for provisioning and configuration operations. The REST requests invoked by an incoming request receive the same ID (for example, rest:895) to help you find all of the operations within one group.

Debug Level

By default, the log level is set to debug, which records all REST requests with the URL and headers. In the following example, a customer uses UX1 to request a new VPS, which requires several operations that the APS controller REST log records. In the following excerpts, the date-time prefix is not shown for brevity.

  1. After receiving the request for a new VPS from UX1, the APS controller starts a set of operations and assigns an ID (for example, rest:895) to it:

    rest:895  IN  10.28.110.145:59511  Begin request: "POST /aps/2/resources/124a8f8c-9702-4e6d-bbc7-14842e5b07e6/vpses/"
    

    The URI refers to the vpses relation of the management context. When the log level is set to debug, the APS controller does not record the body of the request that contains the JSON representation of the new VPS.

  2. The request coming from UX1 contains several headers:

    rest:895  IN  Request headers: 'Origin:http://ab.isv1.apsdemo.org:8080'  'X-Requested-With:XMLHttpRequest'
    'Accept:application/javascript, application/json'
    'User-Agent:Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_7_4) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/48.0.2564.116 Safari/537.36'
    'Referer:http://ab.isv1.apsdemo.org:8080/aps/2/packages/341033f2-0828-4b18-9f0b-bba60797a49a/ui/bootstrapApp.html'
    'Host:10.28.110.145:6308'  'Accept-Encoding:gzip, deflate'  'APS-Token:...WEwwPQ=='
    'bw_id:b1552b6e5a5dd35ca05919c2c88b3b72'  'Accept-Language:en-US,en;q=0.8,ru;q=0.6'  'APS-Locale:en_US'
    'Content-Type:application/json'  'X-Forwarded-For:10.24.37.184'  'Content-Length:246'  'Connection:Keep-Alive'
    
  3. To fulfill the request from UX1, the APS controller sends its own requests, marked as OUT, to the APS application instance to sync changes in the APS database with the external application. In our example, it starts by creating a link for the new VPS in the vpses link collection on the management context resource.

    rest:895  OUT  endpoint.ab.isv1.apsdemo.org  Begin request: "POST /basic1p/contexts/124a8f8c-9702-4e6d-bbc7-14842e5b07e6/vpses"
    
  4. The outgoing request from the APS controller contains the following headers:

    rest:895  OUT  Request headers: 'APS-Application-ID:3641e96b-4ab4-4c00-8a45-b6f9d2a61fd0'  'Host:endpoint.ab.isv1.apsdemo.org'
    'APS-Controller-URI:https://10.28.110.145:6308/'  'APS-Instance-ID:3641e96b-4ab4-4c00-8a45-b6f9d2a61fd0'
    'X-Forwarded-For:10.24.37.184, 10.28.110.145'  'APS-Version:2.2.0'  'APS-Identity-ID:c4c61a6a-5df6-4fc4-b984-fbba527c098d'
    'APS-Actor-ID:ec8b49ed-7da0-4de4-92e7-21cd7afc413b'  'APS-Transaction-ID:1604803675'  'Platform-Transaction-ID:1604803675'
    
  5. The application returns a message with headers and the HTTP return code “204 No Content”, which is the normal response after creating a link:

    rest:895  OUT  Response headers: 'Date:Wed, 16 Mar 2016 14:17:31 GMT'  'Server:Apache/2.4.6 (CentOS) OpenSSL/1.0.1e-fips PHP/5.4.16'
    'X-Powered-By:PHP/5.4.16'  'Content-Length:0'  'Connection:close'  'Content-Type:text/html; charset=UTF-8'
    
    rest:895  OUT  endpoint.ab.isv1.apsdemo.org  [880] "POST /basic1p/contexts/124a8f8c-9702-4e6d-bbc7-14842e5b07e6/vpses HTTP/1.1"
    [0] "204 No Content"  105ms
    
  6. The APS controller requires provisioning of the new VPS on the application side:

    rest:895  OUT  endpoint.ab.isv1.apsdemo.org  Begin request: "POST /basic1p/vpses"
    
  7. The request from the APS controller contains the following headers:

    rest:895  OUT  Request headers: 'APS-Request-Phase:sync'  'Host:endpoint.ab.isv1.apsdemo.org'
    'APS-Controller-URI:https://10.28.110.145:6308/'  'APS-Instance-ID:3641e96b-4ab4-4c00-8a45-b6f9d2a61fd0'
    'X-Forwarded-For:10.24.37.184, 10.28.110.145'  'APS-Version:2.2.0'  'APS-Identity-ID:c4c61a6a-5df6-4fc4-b984-fbba527c098d'
    'APS-Actor-ID:ec8b49ed-7da0-4de4-92e7-21cd7afc413b'  'APS-Transaction-ID:1604803675'  'Platform-Transaction-ID:1604803675'
    
  8. The application returns a message with headers and the HTTP return code, “200 OK”, which means the application created the VPS:

    rest:895  OUT  Response headers: 'Date:Wed, 16 Mar 2016 14:17:31 GMT'  'Server:Apache/2.4.6 (CentOS) OpenSSL/1.0.1e-fips PHP/5.4.16'
    'X-Powered-By:APS PHP Runtime 2.2-153'  'Cache-Control:no-cache, must-revalidate'  'Expires:0'  'Content-Length:2'
    'Connection:close'  'Content-Type:application/json'
    
    rest:895  OUT  endpoint.ab.isv1.apsdemo.org  [880] "POST /basic1p/vpses HTTP/1.1"  [2] "200 OK"  35ms
    
  9. The APS controller completes the set of operations by sending a response to UX1:

    rest:895  IN  Response headers: 'Date:Wed, 16 Mar 2016 14:17:31 GMT'  'Connection:Keep-Alive'
    'Content-Type:application/json' 'Expires:Mon, 01 Jan 2001 00:00:01 GMT'  'Cache-Control:no-cache, no-store'
    'Content-Length:873'
    
    rest:895  IN  10.28.110.145  [246] "POST /aps/2/resources/124a8f8c-9702-4e6d-bbc7-14842e5b07e6/vpses/ HTTP/1.1"
    [873] "200 OK"  407ms
    

Trace Level

If the log level is set to trace, the log will record the entirety of each REST message including the body. For example:

Mar 16 15:57:19.099 : rest:1010  IN  Response body: [1090] [
        {
                "aps":
                {
                        "type": "http://aps-standard.org/samples/suwizard1p/vps/1.1",
                        "id": "38146701-73ad-4807-a6c0-a828c5da42ec",
                        ...
                },
                ...
         },
         ...
]

Platform UI Log

The navigation engine processes the navigation elements created by the system and custom applications in the control panel. Each time, a user navigates to a view in the control panel, whether by clicking on an item in the navigation panel or by clicking on another control that navigates to another view, the navigation engine receives and processes the navigation request. It computes the whole navigation tree and returns a structure that helps the UX1 renderer present the tree and a view for the user.

The navigation activity is recorded in the platform UI Log (/var/log/pa/pui/pui.log) on the management node.

The following example includes excerpts from the log to show what happens when a customer clicks on the top-level VPS Management navigation item created by a custom application:

../../../../../_images/servers.png

The navigation engine records the UI navigation process in the following log sections.

  1. Pre-processing - After you click on a navigation item in the navigation panel, the control panel catches the click and invokes the aps/2/navigation call to the APS controller. The navigation engine intersects it and starts implementing and recording the pre-processing phase.

    For example, if the task ID is 142, the first line of this section looks as follows:

    13:15:58.885 [default task-142] DEBUG c.p.p.c.c.p.filters.InjectionFilter - Injection filter request:/aps/2/navigation
    

    Note

    The task ID helps you find the records associated with the same task. In the following examples, the task ID is omitted for brevity.

    In this section, you can find out the sequence of actions done by various internal components of the pre-process phase:

    • Identification of the development mode

      DEBUG com.plesk.p2.util.APS2Filter - get APS_DEVEL_MODE from SystemProperty
      
    • Getting session ID

    • Showing the POST request URI and HTTP headers

  2. Core processing - This section contains the following activities:

    • It starts with the request for navigation hierarchy. The input parameters of the request consists of the placeholder ID, the ID of the target navigation tree, and other parameters as presented here:

      DEBUG com.tbn.app.NavApi - REQUEST: {
          "placeholder":"http://www.parallels.com/ccp/2",
          "context":[],
          "parameters":{},
          "locale":"en_US",
          "itemId":"http://aps-standard.org/samples/suwizard1p#ccp"
      }
      
    • The navigation engine computes the declared variables, for example it gets the management context variable declared in metadata:

      DEBUG com.tbn.app.APSC -  10 ms [
          GET /resources?implementing(http%3A%2F%2Faps-standard.org%2Fsamples%2Fsuwizard1p%2Fcontext%2F1.0)
      ]
      DEBUG com.tbn.VarResolver - context:{
          "aps":{
             "type":"http://aps-standard.org/samples/suwizard1p/context/1.0",
             "id":"1e7bb257-a4c7-443d-ab54-db13b3239766",
             "status":"aps:ready",
             "revision":4,
             "modified":"2016-03-04T11:17:28Z",
             "subscription":"025c110f-e58d-4f70-a2e2-44ead5a10da4"
      }}
      
    • The navigation engine identifies all packages involved into the building of the navigation tree.

    • It reads metadata from respective APP-META.xml files.

    • The section finishes with the building of the navigation hierarchy, for example:

      DEBUG com.tbn.app.NavApi - RESPONSE: {
          "context":[
             {"viewId":"http://aps-standard.org/samples/suwizard1p#servers","viewLabel":"Servers with User Assignment"}
          ],
          "items":[
             {
                "id":"http://www.parallels.com/ccp-dashboard#home-navigation",
                "label":"Home",
                "type":"navigation"
             },
             {
                "id":"http://www.parallels.com/ccp-users#usersapp-navigation",
                "label":"Users",
                "type":"navigation"
             },
             {
                "children":[
                   {"id":"http://www.parallels.com/ccp-users#view-account","label":"Account Profile","type":"item"},
                   {"id":"http://www.parallels.com/ccp-users#view-notifications","label":"Action Log","type":"item"}
                ],
                "id":"http://www.parallels.com/ccp-users#accountapp-navigation",
                "label":"Account",
                "type":"navigation"
             },
             {"children":[
                {"children":[{
                      "vars":{
                         "context":{
                            "aps":{
                               "type":"http://aps-standard.org/samples/suwizard1p/context/1.0",
                               "id":"1e7bb257-a4c7-443d-ab54-db13b3239766",
                               "status":"aps:ready",
                               "revision":"4",
                               "modified":"2016-03-04T11:17:28Z",
                               "subscription":"025c110f-e58d-4f70-a2e2-44ead5a10da4"
                            }
                         }
                      },
                      "id":"http://aps-standard.org/samples/suwizard1p#servers",
                      "maximized":"false",
                      "label":"Servers with User Assignment",
                      "type":"view",
                      "src":"/aps/2/packages/4cca20f6-cb2e-43ff-a9a6-2b93c1a2d1dc/ui/servers.js"
                }],
                "id":"http://aps-standard.org/samples/suwizard1p#servers",
                "label":"Servers","type":"item"
             }],
             "id":"http://aps-standard.org/samples/suwizard1p#ccp",
             "label":"VPS Management","type":"navigation"},
             {
                "id":"http://www.parallels.com/ccp-domains#domainsapp-navigation",
                "label":"Domains",
                "type":"navigation"
             }
          ]
      }
      

      The structure contains all top-level navigation items, and it digs down to the currently selected view, which in the above example is the one marked as "id":"http://aps-standard.org/samples/suwizard1p#servers".

    Note

    The log records the time required for completing each operation, and it records the total time:

    DEBUG com.tbn.app.NavApi -  506 ms [NavApi.handleNavigation]
    
  3. Post-processing - This section records that the web session with the current user is completed. The final record is:

    DEBUG c.p.p.c.c.p.filters.InjectionFilter - Injection filter request processed
    

Management Node Log

As its name implies, the management node log records internal activity of the management node. It is of primary use to the provider’s support team to help troubleshoot platform issues down to low-level methods and SQL statements. If an APS support task does not function correctly, it is possible to find the APS-related records (for example, by seeking for the aps_application_instance prefix or another APS-related pattern). This section does not cover the specifics of the log.

Package Location

After you import an APS package into the management platform, the system will unpack it and place into the /usr/local/pem/APS/packages/ folder. If the latest package you have imported was Sample_Basic_Single_Page-1.0-0.app.zip, the following command will show the package sub-folder on top of the output:

# ls -lt /usr/local/pem/APS/packages

drwxr-xr-x  7 pemuser pemgroup     4096 Mar 16 17:08 341033f2-0828-4b18-9f0b-bba60797a49a
-rw-r--r--  1 pemuser pemgroup    14844 Mar 16 17:08 341033f2-0828-4b18-9f0b-bba60797a49a.zip
-rw-r--r--  1 root    root        14844 Mar 16 17:08 Sample Basic Single Page-1.0-0.app.zip
... the rest of the output is cut off for brevity

The folder name is the same as APS ID assigned to the imported package. Once you know the package location, you can update some files directly on the server.

Note

Although the files in the scripts/ sub-folder are also inside the package folder, there is no need to update them here. They are functioning on the endpoint host.

Warning

DO NOT update files on the server directly in a production system. Instead, always follow the application update process.

REST Request in Command Line

The command line interface (CLI) allows you to send REST requests to your APS application instance directly on behalf of the APS controller. You will need root access to the management node.

Before you can send a request, you need the following:

  1. APSC SSL Certificate - To send packages on behalf of the controller, you must first locate the APSC’s SSL certificate on the management node (/usr/local/pem/APS/certificates/controller.pem).
  2. APS application instance ID - Each APS application instance certificate uses the APS application instance ID as the file name (without an extension). To find the ID, list the contents of the <app-endpoint>/config/ folder on the endpoint host, for example, it can be /var/www/html/basic-app/config/.
  3. APS Resource ID - To perform an operation over a certain resource, find out the APS ID of the resource. You can get it by sending a preliminary GET request to the APS controller using a REST client.

The following example shows a call to the vpses service to change the state of the specified VPS:

# curl -k -X GET -H 'APS-Controller-URI:https://10.28.127.243:6308/' \
   -H 'APS-Instance-ID: 57e6af16-1e81-4bd9-91dc-d8b6b452e61c' \
   -E /usr/local/pem/APS/certificates/controller.pem \
   https://<app-endpoint>/vpses/38146701-73ad-4807-a6c0-a828c5da42ec/start
The above request is addressed to the endpoint exposed by the APS application -
https://<app-endpoint>/.

You can also send REST requests on behalf of other actors, either in the command line or in a browser.